Friday, January 26, 2007

Management commonalities

These activities are not peculiar to software management.
Many techniques of engineering project management are equally applicable to software project management.
Technically complex engineering systems tend to suffer from the same problems as software systems.

Project staffing

May not be possible to appoint the ideal people to work on a project
•Project budget may not allow for the use of highly-paid staff;
•Staff with the appropriate experience may not be available;
•An organisation may wish to develop employee skills on a software project.
Managers have to work within these constraints especially when there are shortages of trained staff.

Types of project plan

Probably the most time-consuming project management activity.
Continuous activity from initial concept through to system delivery. Plans must be regularly revised as new information becomes available.
Various different types of plan may be developed to support the main software project plan that is concerned with schedule and budget.

Project planning process

Establish the project constraints
Make initial assessments of the project parameters
Define project milestones and deliverables
while project has not been completed or cancelled loop
Draw up project schedule
Initiate activities according to schedule
Wait ( for a while )
Review project progress
Revise estimates of project parameters
Update the project schedule
Re-negotiate project constraints and deliverables
if ( problems arise ) then
Initiate technical review and possible revision
end if
end loop

The project plan

The project plan sets out:
•The resources available to the project;
•The work breakdown;
•A schedule for the work.

Project plan structure

Project organisation.
Risk analysis.
Hardware and software resource requirements.
Work breakdown.
Project schedule.
Monitoring and reporting mechanisms.

Activity organization

Activities in a project should be organised to produce tangible outputs for management to judge progress.
Milestones are the end-point of a process activity.
Deliverables are project results delivered to customers.
The waterfall process allows for the straightforward definition of progress milestones.

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